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Sun Yat Sen Museum

Georgetown Attractions

Sun Yat Sen Museum is an exhibition showcasing, through dioramas, the life’s work of Dr. Sun Yat Sen, a leading 20th-century Asian nationalist figure who led the Chinese Revolution in 1911. He attracted support from overseas Chinese and became China’s first provisional president.

Widely regarded as the father of modern China, he was born in 1866 in Guandong Province (near Macau) and first came to Penang in 1905. A physician turned nationalist, he moved the Southeast Asian headquarters of his political party (T’ung Meng Hui) from Singapore to Penang when he realized that his greatest backing came from the Penang party members.

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History of Sun Yat Sen Museum

During the Chinese Revolution, Dr. Sun Yat Sen was a primary instigator in deposing the Manchu Dynasty and he went on to help usher in a Republican China. Dr. Sun’s plans began with the Penang Conference when he planned the Canton Uprising in Guangzhou, China on 27 April 1911. Though this revolt was crushed, it was an important turning point in the Chinese Revolution, as it helped garner more support for the rebellion.

The Wuchang Uprising (also called the Double Tenth Revolution), which was also initiated by Dr. Sun and his followers at this Penang centre, was the primary event that led to the downfall of the Manchu regime on 10 October 1911.

After his Death

Though he only lived in Penang for a relatively short time in 1910 (six months) with his first wife Madam Lu Muzhen, second wife Madam Chen Cuifen, his two daughters and his brother, these days his home has become a popular Penang tourist site.

Dr. Sun Yet Sen’s second wife was from China and after the revolution she returned to Penang and looked after his two daughters who attended school at Convent Light Street, Penang.

Good to Know

Back in the early 1950s, Dr. Sun Yat Sen was so popular that posters of him were printed in Shanghai and circulated in Chinese schools throughout Malaya. During school assemblies, the will of Dr. Sun was read aloud and students bowed respectfully before his poster.

The centre at 120 Armenian Street was the Southeast Asian headquarters of Dr. Sun’s political party (the Tongmenghui) in 1910. The idea for Kwong Wah Jit Poh, one of the world’s oldest Chinese newspapers, was first initiated by Dr. Sun and his Penang supporters at these premises. The 162th issue (Tuesday, 4 July 1911) of the daily Chinese newspaper was published here.

Rapid Penang bus number 103 runs a route past here.

Sun Yat Sen Museum

  • Location: 120, Armenian Street
  • Tel: +604 228 5119
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